A Comprehensive Guide to Perennial Gardening

Perennial gardening can seem like an advanced gardening technique, with its focus on planting the same types of flowers or vegetables in the same place year after year. However, with just a little bit of upfront research and work at the beginning of each growing season, you can reap the benefits of perennial gardening all year long! Here’s what you need to know about perennial garden plants {plantes de jardin vivace} before getting started.

Types of perennials:

There are many different types of perennials, but in general, they are plants that grow from year to year without being replanted. They come back even after being cut back or winter has passed. There are two main types of perennials.

The first is herbaceous perennials which are plants with soft stems that die each winter only to come back again the next spring. They can be grown in any type of soil and prefer full sun exposure. Woody perennials have a woody stem and their leaves remain green all year long. These types of plants don’t need a lot of water and should be fertilized twice a year. Annuals on the other hand are planted every season since they don’t last more than one season. Annuals typically require more water because their roots are shallow as opposed to deep like perennial roots which can travel deep into the ground below you.

Reasons to grow perennials:

– Perennials are low maintenance plants that require less upkeep than annuals.

– They come back year after year to provide color, beauty, and interest to your garden.

– Perennials can grow in a variety of conditions from wet soil to dry, sandy soil.

– Many perennials attract beneficial insects like bees and butterflies which help pollinate your flowers or vegetables.

Tips on maintaining your perennial garden:

If the plants are in pots or raised beds, water them well before adding any fertilizer. Pruning is another important aspect of maintaining a perennial garden. You should remove dead or dying stems at the base of the plant to promote new growth.

If you’re trying to grow a garden in a shady or less-than-ideal location, certain perennials may work better than others. It’s important to avoid over-fertilizing your perennials as well; some plants will do just fine with natural fertilizers found in soil and compost rather than commercial fertilizers that are expensive.

If you’re new to gardening or have never grown perennials before, there are plenty of resources out there to help you.


It’s been shown that gardening can help people with depression and anxiety, while also providing a sense of accomplishment. Whether you’re new to gardening or have been doing it your whole life, there is always something new to learn.

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